St. George Castle, also known as Elmina castle, is located in Central Region of Ghana, about a 3.5 hour drive along the coast from Accra. It is the oldest European structure in sub-Saharan Africa. Construction of Elmina castle was started by the Portuguese in 1482 and was originally completed in 1486. Later colonized by the Dutch in 1637, it was during this time that Elmina attained its highest status.

 

Upon visiting, you will experience the physical history of the slave trade, the impact of which is still felt beyond the shores of Africa today. Most visitors to Ghana tour Elmina Castle, because of its history as a major trans-Atlantic slave hub. Originally, Elmina Castle was not built for the purpose of holding and trading slaves, but instead as a trading post for gold and other African goods. It is from this trade that the name “Elmina” was derived from the Portuguese name for “Da Costa de el Mina de Ouro” (The Coast of Gold Mines).

Central Elmina

Central Elmina today is an historic place. Dominated by the massive Elmina Castle, the central town is also home to the smaller, hilltop Fort San Jago, a number of impressive Posuban shrines and a busy fishing lagoon. This is a location with a lot of attractions that will keep you busy experiencing the history, culture and life of Ghana. Separate walking tours of Elmina are available and are very well received by our guests.